According to folklore Chango was the beloved son of Orisha Yamaya, and the husband to Orisha Oya. He is called the owner of fire, lightning, thunder and war. In Santeria, this deity represents the male beauty, virility, passion and power. He is very quick to anger.
The worship of this icon is common in Yoruba land and his devotees are often dressed in white. His colors are red and white, and his eleke (sacred necklace), is made of alternating red and white beads.
Chango devotees call on him on the fourth day of the week to offer his favorites meals, gifts and aromas. The feast of Shango is celebrated on the 4th of December. Below is a recipe for preparing an acceptable incense to be used during Chango worship ceremonies.
Shango Devotional Incense
This incense should be used only for outdoors purposes. Below are the items required:
- a spoonful of black pepper or coffee grounds for Eshu,
- a spoonful of millet, yam, corn, or amaranth flour,
- a small handful of myrrh or copal resin, powdered,
- 2 heaping spoonful of sandalwood powder,
- 2 heaping spoonful of red pepper,
- 2 heaping spoonful cinnamon,
- 2 heaping spoonful of oudh/aloes wood powder,
- a small handful of dragon’s blood resin chunks, powdered in a mortar and pestle.
After preparing your incense you should place it on fire and stand far away from the smoke or you will feel like you’ve been teargassed. You can burn it on charcoal or other suitable censers.
Shango Devotional Oil
- 12 dried red hot peppers,
- 12 dried hot light or green peppers,
- 6 coffee beans ( You can also use 3 peppercorns for Eshu or vanilla bean cut into 3 parts)
- Two fingers grab of tobacco,
- 1 liter of pure almond oil, or olive oil for lamps,
- The skin of a yam, sweet potato, or the hairs of an ear of corn.
Put the ingredients in a jar, and place it in a cool dry place for six months. This oil isn’t recommended for use on the skin however you can burn it in an oil burner during rituals or use it for consecrating and anointing Shango items.